Region: Central Asia, Tajikistan
Author: Ikram Davnorov, Project Manager, ECOLOGIA Dushanbe (Tajikistan)
Consortium Member: ECOLOGIA - USA
Status: Needs Funding Budget: $33000 Collected: $0 Needs: $33000
Goal: to improve health and educational opportunities for children and communities in Tajikistan, through implementation of safe water use and sanitary human waste disposal practices
Comment: This project meets clear needs in this region. Funds for facility construction, and training in basic sanitation for teachers and students, will result in long-term gains in health, mental and physical energy, and children's ability to take advantage of educational opportunities.
Drought in the year 2000 clearly showed that water distribution systems in Tajikistan are in a crumbling state. More and more systems are in disrepair, and the water supply for large portions of the country, especially in rural areas, is becoming inadequate, causing many people to use alternative and unsafe water sources such as canals. The most affected communities live in the pocket of “rainfed” agricultural lands and totally depend on precipitation not only for crop production but also for drinking and other domestic purposes. Most of the rural population (70%) never had access to piped water supply and relies on open water sources. Many communities' capacity to maintain and improve water and sanitation facilities remains poor due to the excessive reliance on centralized maintenance encouraged by the former system.
Traditionally, health and hygiene education in schools during Soviet times focused on covering theory and memorization of facts from the official school curriculum, rather than on strengthening hygiene practices. The Government provided formal, culturally non-specific education that failed to generate interest, particularly in remote rural areas. Over the past ten years, this topic in schools has been largely disregarded. On the other hand, because of the water shortages and infrastructure problems mentioned above, many schools are spending time and energy just to collect water for daily survival.
Since 1994, UNICEF through the NGO ECOLOGIA in Tajikistan has been developing activities in water, sanitation and hygiene education in more than 700 schools in Tajikistan. But despite efforts by UNICEF/ECOLOGIA and other International Organizations and NGOs, the safe water supply and basic sanitation in many schools remains poor. Large numbers of rural schools and health centres lack access to sanitary facilities like latrines and hand washing facilities. Even before the civil war, environmental sanitation in rural areas was not a priority. Less than 5% of the total rural population had access to proper sewerage systems. Pit latrines are the commonly used sanitation facility. Poor maintenance of these facilities, especially at public places as schools and health centres has resulted in unacceptable hygienic conditions.
Overall the PROBLEMS can be summarized as follows:
Working with Children on basic hygiene and sanitation is very important:
Project time frame: sixteen months
Target area: Sugd Oblast (around Khojand), 30 schools
1. Training of the school staff involved, using the, so-called, ‘cascade model’. Which implies that part of the staff will be trained, passing the knowledge on to other colleagues, school children and indirectly the parents.
2. Teachers and staff of the primary health care units in the target areas will be trained in life-skills education focusing on, at least, the following themes:
Once the project has been implemented the school facilities will at least consist of:
Monitoring and Evaluation
For the day-to-day implementation of the programme at school level, ‘implementation and monitoring committees’ will be established. These committees consist of the following members:
Management, implementation and sustainability
The implementation of the programme will be coordinated by local NGOs under the supervision of ECOLOGIA with the UNICEF Country Office in Tajikistan. The design and construction of facilities in each school will take a total of 8 months. The educational activities are an ongoing process simultaneously to the construction phase. The programme will support the educational part, for a period of 8 months, after which it should be self-sustained. Once the programme has been implemented, the "implementation and monitoring committees" in each school will be transformed into "monitoring committees". With technical support of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Health the programme will become self-sustainable after 15 months.
|Rehabilitation and construction of facilities ($1,000/school)||$15,000|
|Production of educational materials||$7,500|
|Workshops and preparatory meetings for 30 schools||$2,500|
|Virtual Foundation administrative fee||$3,000|
|Total Requested for Project||$33,000|